The day when drivers can completely surrender control of their cars to autonomous driving systems, at any speed, for any distance, on any type of road, could arrive as early as 2020 by some projections. Many hurdles remain to be crossed between now and then: Laws and regulations must be written. Industry standards must be established. Consumers must be educated and persuaded. And marketers, who for decades have built car brands on the thrills of control, handling, and performance, will have to find new buzzwords to define a new driving–or non-driving–experience.
Technological advancement toward autonomous driving, however, is accelerating faster than the legal framework or market forces that will govern it. The hardware footprint required to house complex autonomous systems is shrinking, while processing speeds and capacity are expanding. Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are already a reality, with features like pedestrian detection, adaptive cruise control, collision avoidance, lane correction, and automated parking becoming increasingly commonplace.
Still, the technology behind driverless cars is not without its challenges—increasing complexity, safety, and security chief among them. This white paper will look at the current state of autonomous driving, its various stages, and the key technological challenges car manufacturers must address to get in the game.
FROM ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL TO FULL AUTOMATION: THE ROADMAP
While serious public discussion and consumer awareness of autonomous driving have increased considerably in just the past few years, automotive engineers and university scientists have been working on it for over a decade . In 2004, the U .S . Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) launched a series of driverless car races that enabled builders to showcase their concepts over long and arduous courses . Read More....